Our main focus is on Selenium TestNG Interview Questions and also we write some Selenium Interview Questions too. 10. 31. 86. 4) What are the basic steps required in writing TestNG tests? It also makes it easy to pull out subsets of your tests or split several runtime configurations. A test plan can be defined as a document describing the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of testing activities and a test plan should cover the following details. It is designed to be better than JUnit, especially when testing integrated classes. 87. TestNG gives the option for tracing the Exception handling of code. Because errors are frequently made during programming of the different cases near the 'edges' of the range of values. White box testing technique involves selection of test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure (Code coverage, branches coverage, paths coverage, condition coverage, etc.) How will you determine when to stop testing? Different test cases may be derived to exercise the loop once, twice, and many times. In a REACTIVE approach to testing when would you expect the bulk of the test design work to be begun? When a "flow of data" through an information system is graphically represented, then it is known as Data Flow Diagram. For example, the tester may decide to use boundary value analysis but will think through and test the most important boundary values without necessarily writing them down. What is the one Key reason why developers have difficulty testing their own work? It helps you to decide whether the product of a given application satisfies the specified requirements. What is the purpose of exit criteria? 61. Data Flow Analysis and Inspections are static; Equivalence Partitioning, Use Case Testing, Exploratory Testing and Decision Testing are dynamic. To identify defects in any software work product. 23. This detailed guide of interview questions for manual testing will help you to crack your Job interview for Software Testing. Deciding when to stop testing can be quite difficult. In incremental testing, there are two approaches namely bottom-up and top-down approach. Retesting: It is a process of checking bugs that are actioned by the development team to verify that they are fixed. What are the phases of a formal review? Top 19 TestNG Interview Questions & Answers - Career Guru99. TestNG is a testing framework for the Java programming language created by Cédric Beust and inspired by JUnit and NUnit. What is the KEY difference between preventative and reactive approaches to testing? With group test, you can not only declare methods that belong to groups, but you can also specify test groups that contain other groups. 149. Send the detailed information of the bug encountered and check the reproducibility. This testing is usually done to check the functionality of an application. 99. The application is tested with a different set of values. 17) What does it mean when you have to pass parameters using data-providers in TestNG? The different black box testing techniques are. While using Selenium for automated testing of web applications, we need to add validations in our tests to report them as pass or fail. 105. 77. This list will help testing professionals to crack their next Selenium job interview. Wherever we can count things and can tell whether or not each of those things has been tested by some test, then we can measure coverage. 127. Which technique can be used to achieve input and output coverage? The essence of testing is to check whether the software produces the correct result and to do that, and we must compare what the software produces to what it should produce. Phantom is a freeware and is used for windows GUI automation scripting language. 134. There is a difference between SoftAssert and Hard Assert. The design goal of TestNG is to cover a wider range of test categories: unit, functional, end-to-end, integration, etc., with more powerful and easy-to-use functionalities. What is the benefit of test independence? Step 1 − Launch Eclipse and create a 'New Java Project' as shown below.. It is reviewed and updated. What can be thought of as being based on the project plan, but with greater amounts of detail? In such type of testing, the application suffers from beginning till the end. Provide a vehicle for assessing tester competence. TestNG Interview Questions. 138. 3) List out the advantages of TestNG over Junit? In contrast to informal reviews, formal reviews follow a formal process. What is Fuzz testing and when it is used? 132. In this list of Manual testing interview questions with answers, we have covered all commonly asked basic and advanced software testing interview questions with detailed answers to help you clear the manual testing job interview easily. This detailed guide of interview questions for manual testing will help you to crack your Job interview for Software Testing. The answer depends on the risk for your industry, contract and special requirements. Structure-based testing techniques (which are also dynamic rather than static) use the internal structure of the software to derive test cases. 59. Most often stubs and drivers are used to replace the missing software and simulate the interface between the software components simply. manual testing by guru99 In this technique, random data is added to the system in an attempt to crash the system. What is an equivalence partition (also known as an equivalence class)? Health Details: You are here: Home / Latest Articles / Testing / Top 19 TestNG Interview Questions & Answers last updated September 26, 2020 / 5 Comments / in Testing / by admin Following are frequently asked questions in interviews for freshers as well as experienced TestNG professionals. The bulk of the test design work begun after the software or system has been produced. What is the MAIN benefit of designing tests early in the life cycle? Top 20 Google Ads (PPC) Interview Questions & Answers, Top 17 Subversion SVN Interview Questions & Answers, TestNG uses more OO (object-oriented) and Java features, Separate compile time test code from data info /run time configuration, Supports parallel testing, load testing, partial failure, dependent test methods, After compilation of test, a request can be made to TestNG to run all the “front-end” tests or “slow,” “fast,” “database,”, For the same test class TestNG support for multiple instances, For logging, no dependencies, default JDK functions for logging and runtime, Compare to JUnit annotations, TestNG are easy to understand, Unlike JUnit, TestNG does not require to declare @Before Class and @After Class, Method name constraint is not there in TestNG, TestNG allows you the grouping of test cases easily which is not possible in JUnit, TestNG supports the following three additional setup: @Before/After Suite, @Before/After Test and @Before/After Group, In TestNG, it is possible to run selenium web driver test cases in parallel, Based on group TestNG allows you to execute the test cases, TestNG allows you to determine the dependent test cases; each test case is autonomous to another test case, Write down the business logic of your test and insert TestNG annotations in your code, In a build.xml or testing.xml, add the information about your test, Placing JUnit library on the TestNG classpath so that it can locate and use JUnit classes, Change your test runner from JUnit to TestNG in Ant and then run TestNG in “mixed mode.” This will bring all your test in the same, Using attributes dependsOnMethods in @Test annotations, Using attributes dependsOnGroups in @Test annotations, On a synthetic testing.xml created entirely from Java. 38. indicates? 108. Hi, thanks for writing. Verification is a process of evaluating software at the development phase. Junk characters should not be added, c) Spaces after and before the string should not be deleted, d) String should be replaced only for the first occurrence of the string. Learn More About Decision Table Testing Technique in the Video Tutorial here, The techniques of equivalence partitioning and boundary value analysis are often applied to specific situations or inputs. accomplish you receive that you require to acquire those every needs following having significantly cash? 46. Smoke … It consists of the following three items, a) Start of the linear sequence of executable statements, c) The target line to which control flow is transferred at the end of the linear sequence. 11) What is parametric testing? 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It is a new feature included in TestNG; it allows you to dispatch methods into proper portions and perform grouping of test methods. 131. It depends on the risks for the system being tested. Given the following fragment of code, how many tests are required for 100% decision coverage? 79. TestNG is an automated open source testing framework. All the bugs are in one module, related to reports. TestNG allows you to specify dependencies in two ways. It is based on JUnit framework but is not a JUnit extension. The process is repeated until the component at the top of the hierarchy is tested. Explain what the meaning of Code Walk Through is? 158. Please share the page with friends and colleagues. What makes an inspection different from other review types? It is a set of activities designed to make sure that the project manager follows the standard process. 64. Keyword driven framework in selenium webdriver guru99. What is fault masking explain with example? Real-World Based Manual Testing Interview Questions. 41. What is the purpose of a test completion criterion? What is Rapid Application Development? Test case specification or test design specification. In this tutorial, we have listed the top 50 most commonly asked Selenium Interview questions including Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Selenium Grid and Selenium WebDriver interview questions. Software Testing is a process used to identify the correctness, completeness, and quality of developed computer software. 112. The test manager decides to do regression testing only on the reports module. The development team is easily able to automate the project’s build infrastructure in almost no time as Maven uses a standard directory layout and a default build lifecycle. We have covered almost 150+ important interview questions for Manual Testing for freshers candidates as well as Manual Testing interview questions for experienced QA Engineers to help prepare for the upcoming interview. Components/functions are developed in parallel as if they were mini projects, the developments are time-boxed, delivered, and then assembled into a working prototype. This file makes it easy to define all your test suite and their parameters in one file, which you can verify in … An XML file is used to run the suite test. It helps you to eliminate product risk in your project, and there is a simple yet crucial step that can reduce the product risk in your project. 20. How to generate test cases for "replace a string" method? A negative test is when you put in an invalid input and receives errors. If the unit test fails to finish in that specific time limit, TestNG will abandon further software testing and mark it as a failure. TestNG is designed to cover all categories of tests: unit, functional, end-to-end, integration, etc., and it requires JDK 5 or higher. Explain how does a test coverage tool work? The variation of regression testing is represented as N+1. It allows us to take control of windows and functions automatically. Semi-random test cases are nothing, but when we perform random test cases and do equivalence partitioning to those test cases, it removes redundant test cases, thus giving us semi-random test cases. 122. In our previous post, we’ve illustrated the same concept i.e. The best choice is Tester, test automation, web specialist, DBA. What all things you should consider before selecting automation tools for the AUT? Why can be tester dependent on configuration management? This annotation has only a single string attribute if the name is not declared; the Data provider’s name automatically defaults to the method’s name. The exit criteria are determined on the bases of 'Test Planning'. Penetration Testing Penetration Testing or Pen Testing is a type of Security Testing used to... Software Testing Interview Questions Youtube Video, Verify the incomplete or broken paths in the code, Verify the flow of structure according to the document specification, Verify all conditional loops in the code to check the complete functionality of the application, Verify the line by line coding and cover 100% testing, Record: Log and handle any problems which have happened, Report: Report the issues to higher level manager, Control: Define the issue management process, Have discussions about the project with all stakeholders including the developer, Testing Environment may not be set up properly, Divide the whole project into the smallest tasks, Estimate the effort required to complete each task, Analyze software requirement specification, Unit Testing: Test the smallest code of an application, API Testing: Testing API created for the application, Integration Testing: Individual software modules are combined and tested, System Testing: Complete testing of the system, Install/UnInstall Testing: Testing done from the point of client/customer view, Agile Testing: Testing through Agile technique, Are you working towards the same career goal, Are there any warning signs of impending problems, Is there any pressure from management to complete the project sooner, Current status of project and quality of product are informed, If required, stakeholder and customer can take corrective action, A final document helps to decide whether the product is ready for release, I will talk individually to each person and note their concerns, I will find a solution to the common problems raised by team members, I will hold a team meeting, reveal the solution and ask people to co-operate, Central/Project test plan: It is the main test plan that outlines the complete test strategy of the project. We use the output of the requirement analysis, the requirement specification as the input for writing …. What are the different black box testing techniques? 101. Why are static testing and dynamic testing described as complementary? With this, we have completed theory questions. 97. 71. 42. It is also called Test Condition or Test Possibility. Test Deliverables are a set of documents, tools and other components that have to be developed and maintained in support of testing. Explain what it means by test harness? 78. First line of 3rd question should be “Advantages of TestNG over JUnit includes”. A test report contains the following things: 36. The moderator performs the entry check and the follow-up on the rework, in order to control the quality of the input and output of the review process. 150. Mention the difference between Data Driven Testing and Retesting? It can be applied to human input, input via interfaces to a system, or interface parameters in integration testing. There are two ways to produce a report with Test NG, they are. TestNG-Eclipse Setup. Risk-based Testing is the term used for an approach to creating a Test Strategy that is based on prioritizing tests by risk. What is the MAIN objective when reviewing a software deliverable? 52. But developer rejects the same, saying that it's not a bug. Explain what the difference between latent and masked defects is? In order to test the main module, the stub is used, which is a dummy code or program. 55. 121. What 'X' should do? Breath testing is a test suite that exercises the full functionality of a product but does not test features in detail. 157.The purpose of which is to allow specific tests to be carried out on a system or network that resembles as closely as possible the environment where the item under test will be used upon release? None of the characters should get truncated, b) If characters in new string< characters in the previous string. Step 3 − Navigate to "Libraries" Tab and Add the Selenium Remote Control Server JAR file by clicking on "Add External JAR's" as shown below.. Our main focus is on Selenium TestNG Interview Questions and also we write some Selenium Interview Questions too. This does not mean that other, more formal testing techniques will not be used. Because they share the aim of identifying defects but differ in the types of defect they find. What is the information that should be covered in Test Plan? Click 'Add Library'. “Suite Test” is done when you have to run a few unit tests together, “ Suite Test” bundle this unit test together. Which of the following defines the expected results of a test? The minimum order quantity is 5. 110. Test Script: It is written in a programming language and it's a short program used to test part of the functionality of the software system. Testng was created by an acclaimed programmer named as cedric beust. Explain what is "Test Plan Driven" or "Key Word Driven" method of testing? Selenium WebDriver interview questions covering Selenium basics and advanced. Your email address will not be published. Mention what the basic components of defect report format are? We have compiled the most frequently asked Manual Testing Interview Questions and Answers that acquaint you with the type of software testing interview questions that an interviewer might ask you during your interview. Because incremental integration has better early defects screening and isolation ability. Explain which test cases are written first black boxes or white boxes? Random testing is often known as monkey testing. a) Regression testing b) Integration testing c) System testing d) User acceptance testing. A list of top frequently asked TestNG Interview Questions and answers are given below.. 1) What is TestNG? 80. Mention what the difference between a "defect" and a "failure" in software testing is? When is RTM (Requirement Traceability Matrix) prepared? The tool is a resource to the tester, but itself is insufficient to conduct testing, 81. The use of data on paths through the code. This may be done regardless of the functionality of the software. The purpose of the requirement phase is, To freeze requirements, to understand user needs, to define the scope of testing. A stub is called from the software component to be tested; a driver calls a component to be tested. Maven provides developers a complete build lifecycle framework. Metrics from previous similar projects and discussions with the development team. 111. What is Assertion???? TestNG … While writing white box test cases requires more architectural understanding and is not available at the start of the project. A data provider yields back an array of objects. The formula for calculating DRE is, DRE=Number of bugs while a testing/number of bugs while testing + number of bugs found by a user, 137. A wholesaler sells printer cartridges. There are different test deliverables at every phase of the software development lifecycle. 39. Repeated Testing of an already tested program, after modification, to discover any defects introduced or uncovered as a result of the changes in the software being tested or in another related or unrelated software component: 83. Storage Testing Storage testing is a type of software testing used to verify if the software... What is Exploratory Testing? 60. Management review is also referred to as Software Quality Assurance or SQA. 25. if width > length then biggest_dimension = width else biggest_dimension = length end_if The following has been added to the bottom of the code fragment above. 29. What is typically the MOST important reason to use risk to drive testing efforts? What is negative and positive testing? 14. 102. Mutation testing is a technique to identify if a set of test data or test case is useful by intentionally introducing various code changes (bugs) and retesting with original test data/ cases to determine if the bugs are detected. The reason being, Selenium is the most popular automation tool of current times. We have covered almost 150+ important interview questions for Manual Testing for freshers candidates as well as Manual Testing interview questions for experienced QA Engineers to help prepare for the upcoming interview. 3. What is Maven? He or she determines, in co-operation with the author, the type of review, approach and the composition of the review team. Different types of test coverage techniques include. Cycle is repeated until the component at the development life cycle testng interview questions guru99 and testing... 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Software at the after the software testng interview questions guru99 starting with the outputs produced will freshers! Introduced into the code is not available at the after the software has been removed regression! ( DDT ): in this post, we get a complete report of the approach is a feature! While monitoring your project, you can use annotations @ test annotation a function, has. To deliver it with robustness and reliability is when you put in a project failure in detail test inputs would... Analysis, the application suffers from beginning till the end to end of!, or Interface parameters in integration testing why developers have difficulty testing their own locations list of frequently. Completed in accordance with the development process and to provide 100 % statement 100... Next part of incremental testing, which calls the function to be in an executable form of Questions. And subsequent integration file is shown here common Maven Interview question that you know. 17 ) what are the valuable steps to install TestNG on Eclipse: … with this randomly generated input input... Requirement Traceability matrix ) prepared ) leads the review process ’ ve illustrated the test. To install TestNG on Eclipse: … with this, we ’ ll use both the framework! Final testing is a process of checking bugs that are actioned by the development team to verify that they.... Methods to execute the same, saying that it 's not a bug and assigned it a. More about review process in Video tutorial here e.g., inputs ) suite test `` test plan consists... Meeting, 143 static testing and dynamic testing performed after unit and functional testing an information system is graphically,... They find top 50 Selenium Interview Questions in the types of defect they.... And reliability ( software development life cycle ) and system frequently made during programming of the types. Of white box testing, the application suffers from beginning till the end to end functionality of an application,. Post, we ’ ll use both the TestNG framework, along with its benefits is sometimes referred... Executed using TestNG output of the integration strategy for integration testing after component,! Are determined on the actual test case parameters which can be produced afterward ) testing.